Εμφάνιση αναρτήσεων με ετικέτα mineral resources. Εμφάνιση όλων των αναρτήσεων
Εμφάνιση αναρτήσεων με ετικέτα mineral resources. Εμφάνιση όλων των αναρτήσεων

Δευτέρα, Οκτωβρίου 20, 2014

No need for NATO presence in Arctic (Lavrov)

Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said on Monday he sees no need of NATO presence in the Arctic.
“We firmly believe that there are no problems in the Arctic which demand NATO participation, moreover, there are no problems there which demand military decisions,” the minister said during a public lecture on Russia’s foreign policy.
According to Lavrov, long before the Ukrainian crisis, NATO said and continues saying that the military factor in the Arctic will increase amid the escalation of the fight for the resources.

“The Arctic is a territory of dialogue,” the minister stressed. “We use this slogan for regular forums in Russia, and the work of the Arctic Council, to a large extent, is drawn up in this way,” he said.

The eight members of the Arctic Council are Russia, Denmark, Canada, Norway, Iceland, Finland, Sweden, and the United States.

There is a common understanding among the Arctic states that all of them are interdependent and have joint tasks, namely the ecology and the need to ensure the safety of transport routes of the Northern Sea Route, he said.
“We are jointly interested in cooperating in defending our bids to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf,” Lavrov said.
en.itar-tass.com
20/10/14
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Σάββατο, Μαρτίου 15, 2014

UN Commission recognises Sea of Okhotsk enclave part of Russia

The UN Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf has recognized the Sea of Okhotsk enclave with an area of 52,000 sq.km part of the Russian continental shelf, Minister of Natural Resources and the Environment Sergey Donskoy told Russian journalists today.


He said that the ministry has received a formal certificate from the UN Commission satisfying Russia’s appeal to recognize the enclave in the Sea of Okhotsk part of the Russian shelf. This is an actually acknowledged fact and I can congratulate everyone, the minister said.

Answering an Itar-Tass correspondent’s question, the minister stressed that the decision on the enclave is final and not subject to revision. Now the enclave is fully under Russia’s jurisdiction, the minister said.

According to geologists’ estimates, the total volume of oil and gas fields prospected in that area exceeds a billion tons.
  • UN sub-commission recognizes Sea of Okhotsk enclave as part of Russia's continental shelf

A UN sub-commission has agreed with the arguments presented by Russia and has recognized a 52,000-square-kilometer enclave in the middle of the Sea of Okhotsk as a part of Russia's continental shelf, the Russian Natural Resources Ministry said in a press release.

The UN sub-commission will now draw up appropriate recommendations for the UN Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf and present them at the next, 33rd, session of the commission in February-March 2014.

The judicial procedures confirming the enclave's belonging to the Russian continental shelf will be finalized after the commission's board endorses these recommendations, the ministry said.

The inclusion of the Sea of Okhotsk enclave in Russia's continental shelf will establish Russia's exclusive rights to the enclave's subsoil resources and seabed.

The territory of the enclave, which is still legally a part of the world ocean, will be regulated by Russian laws concerning the continental shelf.

  • It means that the Sea of Okhotsk will be fully recognized by the international community as Russia's internal sea, to which Russian requirements for fishing, security and environmental protection will be applied.

Russian Natural Resources Minister Sergei Donskoi was quoted as saying by the press release that "it took Russia many years to achieve this success."

"Thanks to recognition of this enclave as a part of the Russian continental shelf, our country will gain more reserves of valuable minerals and other natural resources.

  • This 52,000-square-kilometer territory is a real Ali Baba's cave in terms of resources. Access to it will open up enormous opportunities and prospects for the Russian economy," the minister said.

Voice of Russia, TASS, Interfax
Read more: http://voiceofrussia.com/news

15/3/14
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Τρίτη, Δεκεμβρίου 10, 2013

La Russie veut augmenter sa présence militaire dans l'Arctique...

« Je demande d'accorder une attention particulière au déploiement d'infrastructures et d'unités militaires dans l'Arctique », a déclaré Vladimir Poutine lors d'une réunion au ministère de la défense retransmise à la télévision publique, au lendemain du lancement d'une procédure par le Canada pour étendre sa souveraineté dans la région.

« La Russie s'investit de plus en plus dans cette région d'avenir, y revient et doit y disposer de tous les leviers pour assurer sa sécurité et défendre ses intérêts nationaux », a ajouté le président russe. Il a notamment indiqué qu'il s'agissait de remettre en service l'aéroport militaire de Tiksi, en zone polaire au nord de la Iakoutie (Sibérie orientale) et de mener des travaux sur celui de Severomorsk, sur la mer de Barents dans le nord-ouest de la Russie.

Le Canada a indiqué lundi avoir déposé un dossier devant une commission spécialisée de l'Organisation des nations unies (ONU) pour étendre sa souveraineté sur le pôle Nord géographique, défiant en particulier la Russie, qui y a déjà planté son drapeau. Le Canada veut prouver que la dorsale de Lomonossov constitue une avancée du plateau continental canadien et revendiquer ainsi le pôle Nord, selon le dossier présenté lundi par le gouvernement et déposé vendredi à une commission spécialisée des Nations unies.

SUPRÉMATIE RUSSE ET COLÈRE CANADIENNE

C'est au sommet de cette chaîne de montagne sous-marine qui traverse l'océan Arctique sur 1 800 kilomètres de long, entre les eaux sibériennes et l'île canadienne d'Ellesmere, qu'une mission russe avait déployé à l'été 2007, par 4 200 mètres de profondeur, à la verticale du pôle Nord, le drapeau blanc-bleu-rouge de la Russie. A l'époque, cette opération très médiatisée avait mis en valeur la suprématie russe dans le Grand Nord (Ottawa ne dispose en effet d'aucun port en eau profonde à ces latitudes ni de brise-glace nucléaire) et suscité l'ire du gouvernement canadien.

La Russie a de son côté fait montre en septembre de la défense jalouse de ses intérêts dans l'Arctique, en faisant arraisonner par un commando héliporté un navire de l'association écologiste Greenpeace dont des membres avaient tenté d'escalader une de ses plateformes pétrolières en mer de Barents. Les trente membre d'équipage, dont 26 étrangers, d'abord inculpés de « piraterie », charge remplacée ensuite par l'accusation de « hooliganisme » qui leur fait encourir jusqu'à sept ans de prison, ont été maintenus en détention provisoire pendant deux mois malgré les protestations internationales, puis remis en liberté avec interdiction de quitter le territoire russe.
lemonde.fr
10/12/13
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Τρίτη, Μαΐου 28, 2013

China deep sea exploration vessel sets sail

Video cctv

China’s most advanced deep sea exploration vessel, the "Ocean 6" has set sail for the Pacific Ocean. 

96 scientists will be on board, the biggest number of personnel ever for such a mission. 

On its 160 day voyage, the vessel will reach destinations such as Guam and Hawaii. It will explore mineral resources in the seabed and will also conduct geographic and sea biology studies. 

"Ocean 6" was designed and manufactured in China. Compared to other vessels of its kind, "Ocean 6" is bigger, safer, and provides a more comfortable living environment for the research team.

Haiyang-6, a Chinese research vessel, is seen at a dock in Guangzhou, capital of south China's Guangdong Province, May 28, 2013. An expedition team of 96 members aboard Haiyang-6 set out for the Pacific Ocean Tuesday to carry out a five-month survey on undersea mineral resources. (Xinhua/Liang Zhiwei)
Wang Fei (L), director of China Ocean Mineral Resources Research and Development Association, confers a flag to a team member beside Haiyang-6, a Chinese research vessel, at a dock in Guangzhou, capital of south China's Guangdong Province, May 28, 2013. An expedition team of 96 members aboard Haiyang-6 set out for the Pacific Ocean Tuesday to carry out a five-month survey on undersea mineral resources. (Xinhua/Liang Zhiwei)

Τετάρτη, Φεβρουαρίου 20, 2013

German industry, government planning for resource wars

By Peter Schwarz
20 February 2013
A year ago, leading German industrial companies launched the Resource Alliance (Rohstoffallianz) for the purpose of securing the supply of selected raw materials for its shareholders and corporate members. To achieve this goal, it is calling for the use of military assets.
In an interview with Reuters on Monday, the manager of the Resource Alliance, Dierk Paskert, called for “a strategically oriented foreign economic and security policy” to ensure the supply of raw materials for German business.
Although this policy should be guided by the “objective of free and transparent commodity markets,” Paskert said, “it would be naive to take this for granted in the near future.” Developments had moved in “exactly the opposite direction, unfortunately.” Therefore, Paskert concluded, “we [Germany], together with our partners in the EU and NATO, must take on more responsibility in foreign economic and security matters.”

“Taking responsibility in security matters” is a euphemism for military operations. This is indicated by the reference to NATO, a military alliance.
Paskert is calling for resource wars.
In response to a direct question posed by the business daily Handelsblatt—“Will we see resource wars?”—Paskert answered in the affirmative, citing historical precedent. “History shows,” he said, “that many conflicts have their origin in the fight for resources… The supply of raw materials is the basis for added value and the well-being of a country, and therefore has geo-political significance.” Handelsblatt openly presented the central issue. In a lengthy editorial on the Paskert interview, it wrote that industry would like to see “more government—and military—involvement in securing raw materials.” The editorial was published under the revealing headline “Expedition Raw Materials: Germany's new course.”
In political circles, Handelsblatt explained, this demand by industry is finding a hearing. For the government, “the control of raw materials is a ‘strategic issue’ for German foreign policy.” One can imagine “that existing raw material partnerships are not sufficient. ‘Security and military instruments’ are also required.”
According to Handelsblatt, the chancellor wants to appoint a coordinator who will “better dovetail the interests of strategic industries with defence and security technology, contributing to the securing of raw material supplies.” Strategic partners of Germany, such as Saudi Arabia, should be supported with weapons technology before Germany is forced in a crisis to send its own soldiers. And the armed forces should be “better prepared for their new role as guardians of strategic interests.” Handelsblatt cited the 2011 Defence Policy Guidelines, which declare that the “security of and access to natural resources” is the “most important security and military policy interest.”
This focus is not entirely new. In the mid-1990s, the Defence Policy Guidelines defined the main tasks of the Bundeswehr (German armed forces) as the “maintenance of free world trade and access to strategic raw materials.” This orientation paved the way for the transformation of the German military from a territorial defence force into an international intervention force.
In official propaganda, the military missions in the Balkans, Afghanistan and elsewhere were justified on humanitarian grounds or as part of the “war on terror.” The government and big business now believe, however, that the time has come to bring public opinion into line with the real aims of such operations.
In an interview with the Süddeutsche Zeitung on January 31, German Defence Minister Thomas de Maizière declared that in order to convey the need for direct military interventions in the future, a different sort of justification would have to be found. “International military operations have to be explained realistically,” he declared, “and the justifications should not sound too pathetic.”
Under the direction of de Maizière, the son of an army general and long-time chief of staff of the Bundeswehr, the transformation of the Bundeswehr is making rapid progress. Reconnaissance and transport capacities, as well as rapidly deployable combat troops, are being expanded. In addition, the Bundeswehr wants to acquire armed drones and two “joint support ships,” which, in the words of a senior officer, are suited to “demonstrating political will,” i.e., to intimidating opponents and rivals.
Germany is meanwhile becoming involved in imperialist wars with increasing aggressiveness. Whereas Berlin displayed certain reservations in Iraq in 2003 and even in the 2011 Libyan war, it now fully supports the French intervention in Mali and the preparations for war against Syria.
The background to this development is the intensified struggle for raw materials, especially with China. Last summer, Resource Alliance head Paskert declared in BusinessWeek: “When we consider that China consumes 40 percent of almost all commodities and its needs will continue to increase dramatically, I start to feel uncomfortable in the medium term. China is a giant vacuum cleaner that simply did not exist earlier. We should now give serious thought to the security of supplies for German industry.”
The call by German big business for resource wars recalls the darkest chapters of German history. German war aims in World War I—extensive annexations in France, the Benelux countries and Africa—were based on the requirements and plans of the “leading minds of business, politics and the military,” as the historian Fritz Fischer wrote in 1961 in his groundbreaking book Germany’s Aims in the First World War .
The same business circles then supported Hitler because his plans for world conquest and demand for “Lebensraum” in the East corresponded to their expansionist urge for raw materials and markets, and because he destroyed the organized labour movement.
Today, many companies, or their successors, that supported World War I and World War II are among the sponsors and members of the Resource Alliance. These include the chemical companies BASF and Bayer, which emerged from the infamous IG Farben; the steel giant ThyssenKrupp, a fusion of Thyssen and Krupp, both among the early supporters of the Nazis; the Volkswagen Group, which was founded on Hitler's initiative; and the car company BMW, whose main shareholders, the Quandt family, owe a large portion of their assets to the Nazi policy of Arianisation, forced labour and other Nazi crimes.
As stated on its web site, the Resource Alliance was founded by the “president of the Federation of German Industries, Prof. Dr Hans-Peter Keitel, at the end of 2010 to investigate developments in raw materials markets and the possible responses of industry.” Its top official, Dierk Paskert, is a senior manager who previously served on the board of E.ON, one of Germany's largest energy companies.
The Resource Alliance has very close relations with the German government. On behalf of Economics Minister Philipp Rösler, it manages a support programme that provides conditionally repayable loans to companies for the worldwide development of critical raw materials such as antimony, beryllium, cobalt, fluorspar, gallium, germanium, graphite, indium, magnesium, niobium, platinum group metals, rare earths, tantalum and tungsten.
The fact that German industry once more dares to openly call for imperialist war to secure its raw material needs must be taken as a warning to working people in Germany and in every other part of the world. It is a sharp expression of the growth of global economic and geo-political conflicts that lead inexorably in the direction of world war—unless the imperialists are disarmed through the revolutionary mobilization of the working class.
 .wsws.org
20/2/13

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