Εμφάνιση αναρτήσεων με ετικέτα infrastructures. Εμφάνιση όλων των αναρτήσεων
Εμφάνιση αναρτήσεων με ετικέτα infrastructures. Εμφάνιση όλων των αναρτήσεων

Τρίτη, Ιανουαρίου 20, 2015

Flooding hits BiH

Flooding hit the Sarajevo area of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) on Monday due to persistent rain over the weekend.

Some homes were flooded in the suburbs of Sarajevo, the capital of BiH, with dozens of people evacuated. There were also several landslides and some roads closed.

There were no reports of casualties. Local governments put their civil protection forces on alert as the rain continued on Monday in Sarajevo Canton.

The Balkan state has not recovered from the huge flooding in May, 2014, the worst in some 120 years, with dozens killed and large areas submerged underwater.

  Source: Xinhua - globaltimes.cn

Σάββατο, Ιανουαρίου 10, 2015

A magnitude 5.8 earthquake rocked Luzon (Philippines) at Sunday morning.

The quake’s epicenter was in located 13 kilometers southeast of San Antonio, Zambales with a depth of 85 kilometers said the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Phivolcs).

The tremors were also felt in Metro Manila. Phivolcs said aftershocks are expected from the quake although no damage to infrastructure is expected.
  • Earthquake M 5.8 - LUZON, PHILIPPINES....75 km W of Manila ... local time: 03:32

Magnitude    Mw 5.8
Date time    2015-01-10 19:32:02.9 UTC
Location    14.80 N ; 120.32 E
Depth    80 km

  •  75 km W of Manila, Philippines / pop: 10,444,527 / local time: 03:32:02.9 2015-01-11
  • 5 km SE of Olongapo, Philippines / pop: 220,021 / local time: 03:32:02.9 2015-01-11 

  • Earthquake M5.8 - 4km N of Mabayo, Philippines 

Nearby Cities:

  1. 4km (2mi) N of Mabayo, Philippines
  2. 6km (4mi) S of Olongapo, Philippines
  3. 10km (6mi) N of Morong, Philippines
  4. 13km (8mi) SSE of Subic, Philippines
  5. 77km (48mi) WNW of Manila, Philippines

Κυριακή, Δεκεμβρίου 21, 2014

China builds first high-speed railway through karst region

Construction of China's first high-speed railway running through the country's southwest karst regions was completed on Sunday.

The 857-km railway linking Guiyang, capital of landlocked mountainous province of Guizhou, with south China's economic powerhouse Guangzhou, is expected to become operational on Friday.

Guizhou has the world's most typical karst plateau landscape, which was inducted as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007. Karst topography is a landscape formed from the dissolution of soluble rocks such as limestone.

Stretching through the complicated karst clusters, the railway had half of its length run through 238 tunnels, two of which are more than 14 km long, said Zhang Jianbo, general manager of the Guiyang-Guangzhou High-Speed Railway Co.

It took builders four years to drill through the two longest tunnels. Construction was often disrupted by breaking rocks, rupture of strata and water infiltration, Zhang said.

The construction company applied for six national patents covering their shockproof technology which was adopted to reduce the vibration that occurs when a train travelling at 250 km/hour runs through mountain tunnels.

Wang Mengshu, a tunnel expert with the Chinese Academy of Engineering, said the technology and machinery engineering developed for building the Guiyang-Guangzhou high-speed railway represents the country's new-generation innovation in tunnel engineering.

 Source: Xinhua - globaltimes.cn

Τρίτη, Δεκεμβρίου 09, 2014

Bulgaria, Greece, Romania to Develop Regional Gas Infrastructure

Bulgaria, Greece, and Romania have signed a contract on cooperation in the development of regional gas infrastructure.

The contract was signed Tuesday by the energy ministers of the three countries.

In February 2011, the EU decided that each Member State had to have at least two sources of natural gas and electricity by 2014 in order to be able to cope with a cut-off of Russian supplies.

Romania still lacks a connection to Bulgaria’s gas grid, despite the fact that a project for the construction of a gas pipeline between Giurgiu and Ruse has been available for years, according to reports of the BGNES news agency.

The gas pipeline, evaluated at around EUR 24 M, is to be completed by 2016.

Romania’s gas transmission grid is connected to those of Hungary and Moldova.

In the case of a suspension of imports from Russia, however, it will not be able to make up for the losses through these connections because the gas imports from Hungary are negligible and the pipeline to Moldova is used for exports.


Τετάρτη, Ιουλίου 09, 2014

US Officials Urge Ukraine to Reform Natgas Market (to encourage investment by international energy companies)

Ukraine must reform its historically inefficient and corrupt natural gas markets to guard against Russian aggression and supply controls, U.S. State Department officials told lawmakers on Tuesday.

After invading and annexing Crimea this year, Russia cut off natural gas supplies to Ukraine last month in a dispute over unpaid bills. Escalation of the nearly decade-long argument between Moscow and Ukraine over gas imports has raised concerns about a disruption of supplies to the rest of Europe.

Ukraine has enough gas for now, but the winter heating season looms. The United States is trying to make sure Ukraine, Bulgaria and other Eastern European countries are better able to integrate into the EU's energy market of 400 million customers to get reliable supplies from Russia and other countries.

"This is an opportunity, it's a moment in time for Ukraine to walk away from its past," Amos Hochstein, deputy assistant secretary for energy diplomacy with the State Department's Bureau of Energy Resources, told lawmakers on a Senate foreign relations subcommittee.

"Part of its past was a highly corrupt, inefficient system ... instead of using energy as a resource for stability and security, it was the opposite," he said.

Hoyt Yee, a State Department official for European and Eurasian Affairs, said corruption is not limited to Ukraine and that Washington is devoting greater resources to fight the problem in Central and Eastern Europe and in the Balkans.

Natural gas production in Ukraine still relies on highly inefficient 1970s Soviet technology, and its energy subsidies have hurt investments.

And Russia has accused Ukraine of siphoning off gas that was meant for shipment on to Europe, and of not paying its bills.

If the United States pours money into Ukraine to fix energy problems it will make little difference without the reforms, the officials told lawmakers.

"If corruption and inefficiency continue along with crippling energy subsidies for consumers, Ukraine will be right back where we all started," Hochstein said.

Senator Christopher Murphy, a Connecticut Democrat, questioned how the United States can ask Ukraine to tear down its natural gas system and rebuild to make it more efficient and impose fuel price increases on consumers when the new government lacks money.

Hochstein said instead of abandoning Soviet-era natural gas infrastructure, Ukraine could embark on subsidy reform and better manage its existing system to encourage investment by international energy companies.
Ukraine has large shale gas resources that are not being developed, resources similar to ones in the United States that international energy companies have been drilling in recent years.


Πέμπτη, Απριλίου 03, 2014

A strong 7.8-magnitude aftershock and an earlier 6.4-magnitude rocked Chile’s northern coast today (April 3)

SANTIAGO — A strong 7.8-magnitude aftershock and an earlier 6.4-magnitude rocked Chile’s northern coast today (April 3) even as Chilean authorities assessed the damage from a massive earthquake that struck off the northern coast on Tuesday.There are no immediate reports of new damage or injuries from today’s aftershocks.

Tuesday’s 8.2 magnitude quake that shook northern Chile on Tuesday killed six people and triggered a tsunami with 2m waves.

As the ocean waves receded, over 900,000 people who had evacuated the country’s low-lying coastal areas returned to their homes, some to find their houses and livelihoods in ruins.More than 2,600 homes were damaged and fishing boats along the northern coast were smashed up. However, most infrastructure held up and mines in the world’s No. 1 copper producer were generally functioning normally.The arid, mineral-rich north is sparsely populated, with most of the population concentrated in the port towns of Iquique and Arica, near the Peruvian border.In Peru, the earthquake led to temporary power outages and evacuations in some southern towns, but did not cause serious damage or injuries.Chilean President Michelle Bachelet visited Iquique yesterday and praised people’s orderly response to the emergency.“We are here to recognise the calm behaviour of the people of Iquique who showed great civic responsibility, as did those of Arica. I think you have given us all a tremendous example,” she said.The government would put great effort into restoring services, she added.Finance Minister Alberto Arenas said the government would place “no limit on the use of resources to address this emergency.”Ms Bachelet, who was sworn in as president less than a month ago, is likely conscious of the stinging criticism she faced near the end of her first term in office in 2010, when the government was seen to have responded inadequately to a much bigger 8.8 quake and tsunami that killed over 500 people.

It was too early to estimate financial losses, but they were expected to be much lower than the US$30 billion (S$38 million) from the 2010 quake, which affected the more densely populated central region, said earthquake expert Alexander Allmann at reinsurer Munich Re.“The quake has caused severe damage to some buildings in the affected region, but in general the building standards in Chile are comparatively high, allowing buildings and infrastructure to withstand such quakes reasonably well,” said Mr Allmann.“The small tsunami triggered by the quake is not expected to have caused significant damage.”Small fishing vessels in the ports appeared to be among the worst affected.“We struggled just to be able to get a bigger boat and now look at it,” a woman from Iquique’s fishing community, in tears, said in a video posted on Reuters.Several smaller aftershocks, some as big as 5.2 magnitude, continued yesterday and some ports in the area remained closed........http://www.todayonline.com/world/americas/chile-assesses-damage-after-massive-quake?singlepage=true


Παρασκευή, Ιουνίου 28, 2013

Deputy PM Expects Sabotage Attempts Against Russia in Arctic

MOSCOW, June 28 (RIA Novosti) – Russia’s oil and gas extraction infrastructure in the Arctic could become a target for sabotage attempts by other countries as the race to exploit the Arctic shelf leads to conflicts of interest between competing nations, Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin said on Friday.

“The settlement of these conflicts could very easily exceed the boundaries of diplomacy. It’s quite possible that Russia’s oil and gas production facilities might see secret sabotage attempts by rival countries,” Rogozin, who is responsible for the defense industry in the government, said on Friday.
He added that Russia is not yet ready for such threats, which would require modern monitoring equipment able to operate both above ground and underwater.

According to Rogozin, Russia would need to identify the nature and source of the threat in order to strike back accordingly.
“NATO has long been discussing plans to reinforce the naval grouping in the Arctic region under the pretext of safeguarding commercial navigation,” Rogozin, who is Russia’s former envoy to Brussels, said without giving further details.
The race in the Arctic to exploit previously inaccessible resources, accounting for an estimated 13 percent of the world's undiscovered oil and 30 percent of its untapped natural gas, has accelerated in recent years. Russian energy giants Gazprom and Rosneft have obtained licenses to explore the Russian continental shelf – an initiative that has been strongly opposed by environmentalists.

Τετάρτη, Δεκεμβρίου 26, 2012

China launches longest high-speed train line (VIDEO CCTV)

Trains travelling at 300kph on world's fastest rail line run 2,298km between the capital and Guangzhou.
China has opened the world's longest high-speed rail line, which runs almost 2,300km from the country's capital in the north to Guangzhou, an economic hub in southern China.
The line officially started service on Wednesday when a train departed from Beijing at 9am for Guangzhou. Another train left Guangzhou for Beijing an hour later. 
Trains on this high-speed line will initially run at 300kph with a total travel time of about eight hours between the two cities, compared with the previous time length of 20 hours.
The rail line includes 35 stops in major cities such as Zhenghzhou, Wuhan on the Yangze River and Gangsha. 

State media have reported that December 26 was chosen as the date to open the Beijing-Guangzhou line to commemorate the birth of the late Chinese leader Mao Zedong in 1893. 
Railway is an essential part in China's transportation system, and its government plans to build a grid of high-speed railways with four east-west lines and four north-south lines by 2020.
China's high-speed rail network was established in 2007, but has fast become the world's largest with 8,358 kilometres of track at the end of 2010. That is expected to almost double to 16,000km by 2020. 
The railway network, however, has been plagued by graft and safety scandals, most notably a deadly bullet train collision in July 2011 that killed 40 people and led to public outrage.
The accident was China's worst rail disaster since 2008 and caused a torrent of criticism aimed at the government amid accusations that authorities compromised safety in their rush to expand the network.
Authorities said they had taken steps ahead of the new line's opening to improve maintenance and inspection of infrastructure and emergency response measures.
"The emergency rescue system and all kinds of emergency pre-plans are established to improve emergency response ability," according to a ministry booklet.

  • Studio interview: Significance of world´s longest rail line

Linking the capital, five provinces and twenty-eight cities, China has opened the longest high-speed rail network in the world. December 26th marks the third anniversary of China’s successful Wuhan-Guangzhou high-speed rail link, and on the same day the new Beijing-Guangzhou high-speed rail link goes into operation. Full story >>

For more on the economic aspects, we're joined in the studio by Professor Liu Baocheng from the University of International Business and Economics.
Q1, The high-speed line from Beijing to South China’s Guangzhou is the world’s longest, nearly 23-hundred kilometers long. How important is it to the expansion of the country’s high speed railway network?
Q2, The new line is going into operation before the Spring Festival holiday. How is it going to make things easier for travelers?
Q3, The high-speed railway connects Beijing with five provincial capitals -- Shijiazhuang, Zhengzhou, Wuhan, Changsha and Guangzhou. Explain to our audience how it will help boost the national economy.
Q4, How will the new line boost tourism at the stops along the route?
Q5, What other sectors will benefit from the new service?

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