Εμφάνιση αναρτήσεων με ετικέτα agriculture. Εμφάνιση όλων των αναρτήσεων
Εμφάνιση αναρτήσεων με ετικέτα agriculture. Εμφάνιση όλων των αναρτήσεων

Πέμπτη, Ιουνίου 06, 2013

UN Food and Agriculture Org. warns of food prices rise over next decade

Video cctv

The UN’s Food and Agriculture Organisation has warned food prices across the globe are set to rise by as much as 40 per cent over the next decade. Rising costs in farm production, and less available land are mostly to blame. But as Ray Kuka reports, new technologies and stronger relationships in global trade should solve any potential food shortage.
Farms like this are becoming more and more precious.
As developing countries become more wealthy, demand for food is growing.
The UN’s Food and Agriculture Organisation says the world is facing a situation where demand outgrows production.
Kenneth Ash, OECD Director of Trade and Agriculture, said, "It’s not about being optimistic or pessimistic, the key message is the markets have fundamentally changed."
Rising production costs, less available farmland, and environmental factors are mostly to blame.

But it’s not all bad news – higher prices mean higher profits – and MORE workers attracted to farming.
Merritt Cluff, Senior Economist of UN Food and Agriculture Org., said, “The cure for high prices, is high prices and the world is investing in agriculture like it hasn’t done before.”
In places like China –a special focus of this year’s report, that investment has seen 100 million people lifted out of poverty in 30 years.
The shift, is also putting pressure on productions to research and use better technology, to achieve more efficiency, sustainability and a better product.
Jose Graziano Da Silva, Director-General of UN Food and Agriculture Org., said, “Side by side, eradicate hunger, improve food production, we need to do it in a sustainable way. If not we will damage the soil and our foods.”
Not only at the dinner table, but also food spoilt at markets, and during transportation.
“The estimate at the moment is that some 30 – 40 per cent of what is produced in the world is wasted. This is a remarkable number. You could dramatically affect markets by bringing that number down to something much more reasonable.” Said Kenneth Ash.
Better use of resources, and better trade ties – for better lives around the world.
http://english.cntv.cn/program/newsupdate/20130606/105065.shtml
6/6/13
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Παρασκευή, Απριλίου 12, 2013

L'huile d'olive peut-elle sauver l'Espagne, la Grèce et l'Italie ?

L'huile d'olive va-t-elle sauver l'Europe du Sud ? La formule est sans doute exagérée, mais une agriculture ambitieuse tournée vers l'export ne pourrait pas faire de mal à des économies soumises à un régime d'austérité et où les relais de croissance se font rares. Alors que la Grèce s'est tournée avec succès vers la pistache AOC, elle peut également continuer de chérir ses oliviers."La demande d'huile d'olive dans les marchés émergents a augmenté à un rythme de 13 % depuis 2007", écrivent des analystes de Rabobank, banque néerlandaise spécialisée dans le négoce des matières premières, dans un rapport publié vendredi 12 avril. Ils s'attendent à ce qu'un tel rythme, "à deux chiffres", se confirme dans les cinq prochaines années, "au moins".

Les pays du bassin méditerranéen seront les premiers à bénéficier de l'appétence des Chinois, des Brésiliens et des Russes pour ce fruit oléagineux. Sur le podium des gagnants, trois pays de l'Union européenne (UE) en difficulté économique : l'Espagne, l'Italie et la Grèce. Une production presque monopolistique puisque, selon le dernier rapport mensuel de l'International Oil Council, 75 % de la production mondiale d'olive provient de l'UE.
Evolution des importations d'huile d'olive sur dix ans
L'Espagne, championne du monde de l'olive, produit plus de la moitié de l'huile mondiale. Pour la troisième année consécutive, la récolte 2011-2012 devrait être abondante, avec un record historique de 1,6 million de tonnes, alors que l'Italie prévoit quelque 400 000 tonnes et la Grèce 300 000 tonnes. Au total, la production européenne devrait connaître une hausse de 9 % avec 2,4 millions de tonnes. En face, une hausse de la consommation devrait être observée sur l'année passée, atteignant un record historique avec 3,1 millions de tonnes.
Certes, Portugais, Italiens, Français et Britanniques consomment une large part de la production en provenance d'Andalousie mais il faut aussi compter avec les Etats-Unis et les économies dites "émergentes".
Importations chinoises d'huile d'olive
La Chine, notamment, importe son huile à 91 % de l'UE. Et son appétit va grandissant. En 2012, les Chinois ont importé 45 000 tonnes d'huile d'olive, les Brésiliens 71 000, soit des hausses de respectivement 38 % et 9 %.

UN SECTEUR OLÉICOLE FRAGILE
Mais l'olivier est un arbrisseau fragile, tout comme l'industrie européenne oléicole. Le secteur souffre d'une baisse de rentabilité, notamment à cause du faible niveau des prix, résultat d'une offre excédentaire, ainsi que d'un fort déséquilibre au sein de la filière, qui réfléchit à une nouvelle classification des huiles, certains mélanges de pulpe, de peau et de fragments de noyaux d'olives broyées étant commercialisés sous la même étiquette que le précieux liquide.
La Commission européenne souhaite aussi encourager la restructuration du secteur, par le biais d'aides aux investissements collectifs. Le plan d'action de Bruxelles entend également aborder les problèmes de contrefaçon et de concurrence avec les pays tiers, en particulier la Turquie, la Tunisie et le Maroc...
Evolutions des prix de trois origines d'huile d'olive depuis 2009
Il faudra également que l'envie "émergente" se confirme et se conjugue à la fois à une meilleure météo (les plantations, déjà affaiblies par trois récoltes record, ont pâti du manque de précipitations cet hiver et de gels rigoureux en février) et à une confirmation du rebond des prix pour faire vivre les trois cents villages et les 200 000 employés andalous du secteur.
.lemonde.fr
12/4/13

Πέμπτη, Νοεμβρίου 15, 2012

Is the world heading towards another food crisis?

Too many countries have in history experienced the devastation of not only failed harvests, but also gross agricultural policy mismanagement.
The Great Famine of the 1930s in the Ukraine, which resulted in millions starving to death, is just one of many. It was a direct result of a political decision to impose a centralised and industrial agriculture model that obliterated centuries of farmers’ know-how. The results were so catastrophic that the Ukraine government describes it as genocide.
There is perhaps little wonder that Ukraine has been restricting wheat exports this year to maintain its own domestic stockpiles and prevent a rise in domestic bread prices following a heat wave and failed harvest.

Climate change scientists tell us that we can expect more extreme weather and more failed harvests in the coming years if measures are not taken to halt the impact of global warming.
Will we see great famines in the future? Well, bad policies and corporate greed are certainly the drivers of industrial agriculture in our key breadbasket countries, where food is being turned into fuel. So, are we heading for another food crisis?
The short answer is yes … although where and when is hard to say. In the words of the physicist and Nobel Prize winner Neils Bohr: "Prediction is very difficult, especially if it’s about the future".
But there are some facts we do know for sure.
We know that human beings are overshooting planetary boundaries for water and biological diversity. We know that food prices continue to be high and that price spikes are as equally volatile and frequent as extreme weather events. We know that climate change is hitting agricultural yields badly while food production is increasingly used to fuel cars. And we know that powerful corporate lobbies continue to push for false solutions that feed profits more than people.
Those ingredients combined make a dangerous cocktail that is likely to spell disaster, particularly for the world’s poorest.
But there are solutions to prevent such a dire outcome.
First, the US and Europe should immediately suspend and review their own biofuel policies to ensure that crops for fuel don’t compete with food availability and affordability for the poorest. We will soon need your support to demand specific actions from governments … so watch this space.
Secondly, too much food is being wasted in the world. According to the United Nations, one third of food produced globally is not eaten. In richer countries, the proportion of food wasted is even higher (40-50% in the US) and largely at the level of food manufacturers / retailers and consumers.
So let’s all be more careful in buying only food we really need and eat. It is good for our family’s wallet and helps reduce pressure on the food system, food prices and the environment.
Thirdly, we also need to help farmers make the transition to agriculture that is more resilient to extreme weather events sparked by climate change.
Moving to ecological agriculture is our best guarantee to prevent high volatility in food production and prices and therefore the best way to prevent a food crisis.
Ecological agriculture farmers use nature’s own diversity to produce a wider range of foods while preserving the health and the fertility of the soil. Ecological agriculture is good for the climate and is the best option for food security in Africa and in countries such as India and China.
Finally, we urgently need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to climate change, which represents the number one threat to sustainable agriculture and food security.
This involves reducing the amount of dirty energy we use, and ensuring governments making binding commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to safe levels.
The imminent danger of a food crisis is very real, but there are winning solutions if we avoid repeating past mistakes such as those in the Ukraine.
Eric Darier, senior campaigner for sustainable agriculture at Greenpeace International
 .greenpeace.org
15/11/12
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Τρίτη, Νοεμβρίου 13, 2012

Why the EU should not follow GE path to agricultural Armageddon

When a warning comes loud and clear from someone who has lived through what can only be described as agricultural Armageddon, it’s usually a good idea to heed their advice.
This week Greenpeace has linked European farmers, decision makers and consumers with American famers and an agricultural scientist to give a picture of what we could expect if we follow the path of US and Argentinean agriculture.

And this is not a path you’d want to take.
Greenpeace commissioned renowned agricultural economist Dr. Charles Benbrook to produce the first ever forecast of how Europe would be impacted if the European Commission goes ahead with its plan to authorise the cultivation of so-called herbicide tolerant genetically engineered (HTGE) crops.
The forecast gathers eyewitness accounts from Wendel Lutz and Wes Shoemyer, two American farmers featured in our documentary Growing Doubt filmed in Argentina and the US. Farming communities have talked to us about how herbicide tolerant crop monocultures have affected their economy, environment and society. And now the US farmers are travelling with Greenpeace on an 18 day tour of Europe, inviting farmers groups, local communities and national politicians at each stop to discuss their growing concerns about these threats.
Their message is clear: European agriculture will be irreparably damaged if HTGE is allowed to be cultivated.
So, who would actually benefit from HTGE crops?
Ecosystems and biodiversity will of course not benefit from having more agrochemicals sprayed on them.
If we are to learn anything from the experiences of our American visitors, many European farmers can expect inflated seed prices, more expenses for buying much more pesticides and the heavy labour and increasing cost trying to get rid of the resistant weeds that inevitably follow the HTGE crops . And those would be the lucky ones.  A lot of farmers would simply cave in to the “big boys” who will be leading the farm consolidations that seem to follow the HTGE crops marching in.
Dr. Benbrook’s forecast paints an especially grim picture for Europe: if EU farmers take up HTGE technology as quickly as in the US, glyphosate use in maize crops - the most important and widely grown crop in Europe – will increase by over 1,000% by 2025 over current use, and total herbicide use will double.
Where there are HTGE crops, farmers seem struggle, communities suffer and costs increase. The effects ripple out across rural communities right up to our supermarket shelves.
It’s time to act.
We have to push the European Commission extra hard to ensure that HTGE crops aren’t given the green light for cultivation. Once we open the floodgates for HTGE there will be no turning back - the farmers we’ve spoken to in Argentina and the US can attest to this. In the words of Wes Shoemyer:  “So far, the EU has stood very firm. It still has a chance to retain its independence, to retain its integrity.”
EU decision makers must decide: are they going to support the environment, farmers, consumers, and their constituents or are they going to support the agroindustry breathing down our necks?
We can see where the HTGE path leads and it’s not one we should be forced to follow.
Share our solutions with your friends - check out what Greenpeace is doing for a healthier agricultural system.
Lasse Bruun is a Sustainable Agriculture Campaigner at Greenpeace International
.greenpeace.org
12/11/12
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Σάββατο, Οκτωβρίου 20, 2012

The future of the Amazon uncertain | Greenpeace International

For ten years, the fate of Brazil’s forests have hung in the balance as the future of the Forest Code has been up for grabs. We’ve see the debate over the law come to a head over the last few years, as the agribusiness sector pressed the Congress for major changes to the law and the scientific community and 80% of the public opposed drastic changes to the law.
Today, President Dilma has ignored the call of the people of Brazil and taken final steps to approve a new law that opens the Amazon up for destruction. 
President Dilma Rouseff announced today, approval of the provisional measures of the new Forest Code with 9 partial vetoes,  making the law that has protected the Amazon for almost 70 years a thing of the past, paving the way for new areas of expansion for the agribusiness sector and granting amnesty for past forest criminals. Vetoes sound like a a drastic measure but in reality they will do nothing new to protect the Amazon. ........The future of the Amazon uncertain | Greenpeace International

Παρασκευή, Οκτωβρίου 05, 2012

Land sold off and used for biofuels could have fed 1 billion people – report

Indian labourers work in a field of Jatropha in the village of Hassan, some 250 kms from Bangalore. Jatropha, a wild shrub that grows abundantly across India, has been hailed as an eco-friendly solution to the energy needs. (AFP Photo / Mission Biofuels India)
2 million kilometers of foreign purchased land in developing countries is either idle or used for Western biofuel production, according to a British charity. Oxfam's report estimates an area the size of London is sold every six days.
The report states that between 2000 and 2010, 60% of investment in agricultural land by foreign traders occurred in developing countries with hunger problems.

Yet two thirds of those investors plan to export everything they produce. While 60% of deals are to produce crops that can be used for biofuels. Land can also be left idle, as speculators wait for its value to increase.  
Oxfam estimates that this land could have fed 1 billion people.
According to the International Land Coalition, an NGO based in Italy, 106 million hectares of land in developing countries has been acquired by foreign investors in a period between 2000-2010, with some disastrous results.
30% of all land in Liberia has been handed out in large scale concessions in the last 5 years, while up to 63% of all available land in Cambodia has been passed on to private companies.

Farmers forced out

Oxfam emphasizes that much of the land sold off was already being used for small scale and subsistence farming or other types of natural resource use.
The report dismissed claims by the World Bank that most of the sold land remains idle, waiting to be developed. In fact most agricultural land deals target quality farm land, particularly land that is irrigated and offers good access to markets.
A 2010 study by the Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) – the official monitoring and evaluation body of the World Bank – supported Oxfam’s findings.
It found that 30% of World Bank projects involved involuntary resettlement. The study estimated that 1 million people are involuntarily resettled in projects financed by the World Bank.
In some cases people were violently evicted from their land without consultation or compensation.
Barbara Stocking, Oxfam’s chief executive, told British newspaper the Guardian that, “The rush for land is out of control and some of the world’s poorest people are suffering hunger, violence and greater poverty as a result. The World Bank is in a unique position to help stop land grabs becoming one of the biggest scandals of the century.”
Internally displaced children line up to receive a food ration at a food distribution point at a voluntary centre in Mogadishu, Somalia. (AFP Photo / Mohamed Dahir)
Internally displaced children line up to receive a food ration at a food distribution point at a voluntary centre in Mogadishu, Somalia. (AFP Photo / Mohamed Dahir)

Freeze investments

Oxfam has urged the World Bank to freeze its investments in large scale land acquisitions in poor nations.
In the last decade the World Bank has tripled its support for land projects to $6-$8 billion a year, but it does not provide data on how much of this goes to land acquisition or any connection between lending and conflict in a country.
Oxfam wants the World Bank to make sure that information about land deals is publicly accessible, that communities are informed in advance and have the right to agree to or refuse to participate in projects.
Stocking said that the UK, as one of the banks largest shareholders and next year’s president of the G8, should try and get these land deals frozen.
“The UK should also show leadership in reversing flawed biofuels targets, which are a main driver for land and are diverting food into fuel. It can also play a crucial role as president of the G8 next year by putting food and hunger at the heart of the agenda,” Stocking said.
But in a statement released to the Guardian, the international Finance Corporation (IFC), the World Bank’s private lending arm, defended its past transactions.
“IFC does not finance land acquisitions for speculative purposes. We invest in productive agricultural and forestry enterprises that can be land intensive to help provide the food and fiber the world needs.”
http://rt.com/news/world-bank-developing-world-689/
5/10/12
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