Εμφάνιση αναρτήσεων με ετικέτα India. Εμφάνιση όλων των αναρτήσεων
Εμφάνιση αναρτήσεων με ετικέτα India. Εμφάνιση όλων των αναρτήσεων

Σάββατο, Αυγούστου 05, 2017

Three insurgents killed in clashes in India-administered Kashmir

India-administered Kashmir
The death of three insurgents in clashes with security forces in Indian Kashmir Saturday has raised the number of separatists killed so far this year to 122, surpassing a total of 119 in the year 2016, marking a period of particular turbulence in the region.

Δευτέρα, Δεκεμβρίου 15, 2014

370 die of drug clinical trials in India in 2 years

At least 370 deaths have been reported during drug clinical trials in India since February 2013, while compensation has been paid in only 21 cases, said local media Monday.

The Times of India quoted government data as saying of the 370 deaths, 222 or 60 percent cases have been examined so far by a regulatory panel on clinical trials, but only 21 were eligible for compensation as the drug under trial was found to have caused the deaths, said the report.

Pharmaceutical companies are targeting poor rural population for their drug trials, but there is a lack of government regulation to hold them responsible once the trial causes death, said experts.

 [Xinhua - globaltimes.cn]

Δευτέρα, Οκτωβρίου 13, 2014

Cyclone Hudhud Hits India, Typhoon Vongfong Ravishes Japan

 - At least eight people have been killed, mostly due to collapsing walls and falling trees, and up to 400,000 have been evacuated in eastern India as powerful cyclone Hudhud raged through the country on Sunday, according to AP reports.

Officials say that at least two people were killed in the coastal state of Andhra Pradesh in southeast India: a man who was hit by a falling tree and a woman who was crushed by a collapsing wall, according to A. R. Sukumar, the state’s disaster management commissioner.

Three more people were reported killed in Odisha. On Saturday, an overloaded government evacuation boat capsized in Andhra Pradesh after it hit a tree trunk, drowning a 6-year-old girl and a 13-year-old boy, according to P. K. Mohapatra, the state’s special relief commissioner. A fisherman was killed while rescuing his boat at midnight on Saturday.

The cyclone brought heavy showers and strong gusts of wind, uprooting trees, disrupting electricity and bringing considerable damage to buildings and crops in the coastal districts. Rescue workers used helicopters, aircraft and ships to carry out relief operations and set up hundreds of shelters to house those who were evacuated.
On Monday, the storm was downgraded to a tropical depression, with wind speeds slowing to 70 kilometers per hour, considerably slower than on Sunday.

Another natural disaster lashed Asia over the weekend. At least 37 people were injured and 150,000 were told to evacuate when Typhoon Vongfong raged through Japan, hitting the island of Kyushu after battering the southern island of Okinawa.

The typhoon toppled trees, flooded streets and cut power to more than 60,000 homes. The Japanese Meteorological Agency said the typhoon could reach the Tokyo area by Tuesday, predicting that it would gradually lose strength and be downgraded to a tropical storm as it moves up the archipelago.
(RIA Novosti)


Τετάρτη, Σεπτεμβρίου 24, 2014

India makes history with first spaceship to orbit Mars

India triumphed in its first interplanetary mission, placing a satellite into orbit around Mars on Wednesday morning and catapulting the country into an elite club of deep-space explorers.
Scientists broke into wild cheers as the orbiter's engines completed 24 minutes of burn time and maneuvered into its designated place around the red planet.
The success of India's Mars Orbiter Mission, affectionately nicknamed MOM, brings India into an elite club of Martian explorers that includes United States, the European Space Agency and the former Soviet Union.

"Today Mars has met MOM. MOM never disappoints. History has been created today," Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced amid applause at the Indian Space Research Organisation command center in Bangalore."We have gone beyond the boundaries of human enterprise and innovation."
"We have navigated our craft through a route known to very few," Modi said, congratulating both the scientists and "all my fellow Indians on this historic occasion."
The Indian Space and Research Organisation described the mission as flawless.
The success marks a milestone for the space program in demonstrating that it can conduct complex missions and act as a global launch pad for commercial, navigational and research satellites.
It's also a major feat for the developing country of 1.2 billion people, most of whom are poor. At the same time, India has a robust scientific and technical educational system that has produced millions of software programmers, engineers and doctors, catapulting many into the middle class.
More than half the world's previous attempts — 23 out of 41 missions — have failed, including one by Japan in 1999. The United States had its first success with a 1964 flyby by a spacecraft called Mariner 4, returning 21 images of the surface of the planet. The former Soviet Union reached the planet in 1971, and the European Space Agency in 2003.
India was particularly proud that MOM, a 1,350-kilogram (nearly 3,000-pound) satellite, was developed with homegrown technology and for a bargain price of about $75 million. NASA's much larger Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution mission, or Maven, which reached its position around the red planet on Sunday, cost nearly 10 times as much at $671 million.

  • MOM will now circle the planet for at least six months on an elliptical path that gets within 365 kilometers (227 miles) of the planet's surface at its closest and 80,000 kilometers (49,700 miles) at its farthest.
Five solar-powered instruments will gather data that will help determine how Martian weather systems work and what happened to the water that is believed to have once existed on Mars in large quantities. It also will search Mars for methane, a key chemical in life processes on Earth that could also come from geological processes.
None of the instruments will send back enough data to answer these questions definitively, but experts say the data will help them better understand how planets form, what conditions might make life possible and where else in the universe it might exist.

  • There are three more satellites already circling the planet — NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter and Mars Odyssey, and the ESA's Mars Express. On the Martian surface, NASA's Curiosity and Opportunity rovers are rolling across rocky terrain. 
India has said the spacecraft — also called Mangalyaan, meaning "Mars craft" in Hindi — is chiefly meant to showcase the country's ability to design, plan, manage and operate a deep-space mission. India has already conducted dozens of successful satellite launches, including sending up the Chandrayaan-1 lunar orbiter, which discovered key evidence of water on the Moon in 2008. 

Δευτέρα, Σεπτεμβρίου 08, 2014

India to participate in mock tsunami drill in Indian Ocean. (is planned for 9 and 10 September)

India will participate in a two- day major mock tsunami drill in the Indian Ocean, starting Tuesday, along with 23 other countries, an official said Monday.

The drill, organized under the auspices of UNESCO's Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, is intended to test the Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System (IOTWS), said the official.

The drill is expected to increase preparedness, evaluate response capabilities in each country and improve coordination throughout the region, a statement by the Indian government has said.

"The drill also aims at evaluating the system's operational capacity, efficiency of communication among the different concerned actors, and the state of preparation of national emergency services," it added.

Sources: Xinhuan -  indian.ruvr.ru


Πέμπτη, Απριλίου 24, 2014

Russia Set to Boost Space Cooperation With India, China

Russia is set to develop its space cooperation with India and China, the head of the Russian space agency Roscosmos Oleg Ostapenko said on Thursday.

“Recently, we received an invitation from Japan to discuss an array of questions,” he added.

The announcement was made amid threats of Russia’s western partners to freeze or cut cooperation with Russia amid tensions over Ukraine and Crimea secession. NASA threatened to cut space ties with Russia, but Roscosmos has yet received no official notifications.
The Russian space chief said that despite belligerent rhetoric, Russia’s space cooperation with European partners remains unharmed.

“We are now communicating with the space agencies of France, Germany and, particularly, with the European [Space Agency],” he told journalists.
  • Russia and its BRICS partners India and China have a long history of cooperation, including in space. 
  • In July 2004, Russia and India signed a protocol to boost cooperation in space including space launches and joint development of the GLONASS satellite navigation system.

Deputy head of Roscosmos Sergey Savelyev said in mid-April that Russia and China are coordinating on major future research projects in space and agreed last year to expand it.



Δευτέρα, Νοεμβρίου 25, 2013

90 empresas en la lista negra del cambio climático

La crisis climática del siglo XXI ha sido causada, en gran medida, por 90 empresas públicas y privadas que, entre todas, han generado casi dos tercios de las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero desde los albores de la revolución industrial, según indica un estudio.
La investigación, que fue saludada como “un paso crucial” por el ex vicepresidente de EE.UU. Al Gore, constató que la vasta mayoría de las empresas son productoras de petróleo, gas y carbón. El análisis, que fue aceptado para su publicación en la revista Climactic Change , tardó siete años en hacerse.
“En el mundo hay miles de productores de petróleo, gas y carbón”, dijo el investigador del clima y autor del estudio Richard Heede, en el Climate Accountability Institute de Colorado. “Pero los que toman las decisiones, los CEO o los ministros de petróleo y carbón, cabrían todos en uno o dos autobuses”.

La mitad de las emisiones se generaron sólo en los últimos 25 años, cuando ya gobiernos y empresas estaban al tanto de que las crecientes emisiones de gases por la quema de petróleo y carbón estaban causando un peligroso cambio en el clima.
Muchas de esas mismas empresas están sentadas sobre sustanciales reservas de combustibles fósiles que –si se las quema– colocan al mundo en un riesgo aún mayor de cambios en el clima.
Los expertos en cambio climático dijeron que los datos representan el más ambicioso intento de responsabilizar a las empresas que emiten carbono, en vez de a los gobiernos.
El Panel para Cambio Climático de la ONU, el IPCC, advirtió en septiembre que a las tasas actuales el mundo está dentro de los treinta años de agotar su “presupuesto de carbono” (el monto de dióxido de carbono que podría emitir sin entrar en la zona peligrosa de un calentamiento superior a los 2°C). El ex vicepresidente Gore dijo que la nueva contabilidad del carbono podría reactivar el debate acerca del reparto de responsabilidades por la crisis climática.
Las autoridades reunidas esta semana en Varsovia para la conferencia de cambio climático de la ONU se enfrentaron repetidamente en torno a la cuestión de qué países cargan con el mayor peso de la resolución del cambio climático: si los emisores históricos como EE.UU. o Europa o las economías ascendentes de India y China.
Gore dijo que el análisis pone de relieve que no son sólo los Estados a quienes les toca actuar.
Sumadas, las 90 empresas de la lista de mayores emisores produjeron el 63% de la emisión acumulativa de dióxido de carbono y metano entre 1751 y 2010, totalizando cerca de 914 gigatoneladas de emisiones de CO2, según el informe. Todas las empresas, menos siete, son compañías de energía que producen petróleo, gas y carbón. Las otras siete son industrias.
La lista incluye 50 compañías privadas, por lo general conocidas petroleras y empresas carboníferas. Unas 30 empresas son estatales, como la saudita Aramco, la rusa Gazprom y la noruega Statoil.
John Ashton, ex negociador británico de cambio climático, sugirió que los hallazgos confirman el rol central que las entidades productoras de combustibles fósiles siguen teniendo en la economía.

Σάββατο, Νοεμβρίου 23, 2013

La conférence climat de Varsovie s'achève sur un accord obtenu à l'arraché

Après une longue nuit blanche, le marathon des négociations sur le climat de Varsovie s'chève sur un accord qui pose les premiers jalons vers Paris 2015.

Est-ce le début d'une sortie d'impasse ? Un accord a été adopté dans l'après-midi du samedi 23 novembre à Varsovie (Pologne), au terme de négociations marathon sur le climat. Cet accord pose les premiers jalons vers la conférence de Paris en 2015 qui doit déboucher sur un texte en mesure de limiter le réchauffement à 2°C.
Ce texte est venu couronner plus de trente heures de négociations non-stop dans le grand stade de Varsovie, où se tenait cette conférence rassemblant plus de 190 pays et qui devait s'achever officiellement vendredi.

Pourquoi cet accord a failli ne jamais voir le jour ?

L'accord sur Paris 2015 et les moyens d'y parvenir à un accord ambitieux sur le climat a été formulé en urgence, et de manière informelle par les principaux négociateurs dans un coin de la salle, alors qu'un blocage sur cette question menaçait de faire échouer la conférence de Varsovie.
Les négociations ont buté toute la journée du samedi sur la position intransigeante de la Chine et de l'Inde qui se sont opposées à l'Union européenne et les Etats-Unis sur la formulation du texte. Les deux pays n'ont cessé d'insister pour continuer à être considérés comme des "pays en développement", et à ce titre, ne pas devoir en faire autant que les pays industrialisés contre le réchauffement. Le négociateur chinois Su Wei s'était notamment dit "très préoccupé" par le fait que le texte propose que toutes les parties prennent des "engagements" en matière de lutte contre le changement climatique.
Le ton est monté au point que la perspective d'achever la conférence de Varsovie sans accord était évoquée ouvertement, ce qui aurait été un faux-départ très préjudiciable pour l'accord de 2015. Les négociateurs des principaux pays, Chine, Inde, Etats-Unis, entre autres, se sont alors rassemblés dans un coin de la grande salle de conférence et durant plus d'une une heure, ont négocié une formulation acceptable par tous.

Que contient l'accord ?

L'ambition de la conférence de Varsovie était de poser les fondations de l'ambitieux accord attendu en 2015 à Paris sur les réductions de gaz à effet de serre. Pour la première fois, l'accord doit concerner tous les pays, être légalement contraignant et suffisamment ambitieux pour limiter le réchauffement du globe à 2°C par rapport à l'ère pré-industrielle, contre la trajectoire actuelle de 4°C. 
Le texte adopté à Varsovie stipule notamment que les Etats doivent commencer à préparer des "contributions" sur ce qu'ils entendent faire pour lutter contre le changement climatique, qui seront intégrées dans l'accord de 2015. Cette formulation est plus faible que celle du texte précédent, rejeté notamment par les grands émergents comme la Chine et l'Inde, qui prévoyait des "engagements", formule que souhaitait la France. 
Un texte sur l'aide financière aux pays du Sud a également été adopté à Varsovie, sans répondre aux exigences de ces derniers qui voulaient plus de visibilité sur la mobilisation des 100 milliards de dollars promis d'ici 2020 pour les aider à faire face au changement climatique. L'accord ne pose pas de montants intermédiaires sur la table et, seule concession des pays riches, il "presse" les pays développés à "continuer à mobiliser de l'argent public, à des niveaux supérieurs" à ceux de l'aide d'urgence décidée pour 2010-2012, soit 10 milliards de dollars par an.

Quels désaccords persistent ?

Le texte sur la création d'un mécanisme portant sur les "pertes et dommages" que subissent les pays du Sud à cause du rechauffement n'a pas été adopté.
"Il n'y pas de consensus sur ce texte", a déclaré le délégué egyptien au nom du G77 (pays en développement) et la Chine, qui a demandé "plus de temps" pour en discuter, alors que la conférence de Varsovie avait déjà dépassé d'une journée la date officielle de clôture.

Παρασκευή, Οκτωβρίου 05, 2012

Land sold off and used for biofuels could have fed 1 billion people – report

Indian labourers work in a field of Jatropha in the village of Hassan, some 250 kms from Bangalore. Jatropha, a wild shrub that grows abundantly across India, has been hailed as an eco-friendly solution to the energy needs. (AFP Photo / Mission Biofuels India)
2 million kilometers of foreign purchased land in developing countries is either idle or used for Western biofuel production, according to a British charity. Oxfam's report estimates an area the size of London is sold every six days.
The report states that between 2000 and 2010, 60% of investment in agricultural land by foreign traders occurred in developing countries with hunger problems.

Yet two thirds of those investors plan to export everything they produce. While 60% of deals are to produce crops that can be used for biofuels. Land can also be left idle, as speculators wait for its value to increase.  
Oxfam estimates that this land could have fed 1 billion people.
According to the International Land Coalition, an NGO based in Italy, 106 million hectares of land in developing countries has been acquired by foreign investors in a period between 2000-2010, with some disastrous results.
30% of all land in Liberia has been handed out in large scale concessions in the last 5 years, while up to 63% of all available land in Cambodia has been passed on to private companies.

Farmers forced out

Oxfam emphasizes that much of the land sold off was already being used for small scale and subsistence farming or other types of natural resource use.
The report dismissed claims by the World Bank that most of the sold land remains idle, waiting to be developed. In fact most agricultural land deals target quality farm land, particularly land that is irrigated and offers good access to markets.
A 2010 study by the Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) – the official monitoring and evaluation body of the World Bank – supported Oxfam’s findings.
It found that 30% of World Bank projects involved involuntary resettlement. The study estimated that 1 million people are involuntarily resettled in projects financed by the World Bank.
In some cases people were violently evicted from their land without consultation or compensation.
Barbara Stocking, Oxfam’s chief executive, told British newspaper the Guardian that, “The rush for land is out of control and some of the world’s poorest people are suffering hunger, violence and greater poverty as a result. The World Bank is in a unique position to help stop land grabs becoming one of the biggest scandals of the century.”
Internally displaced children line up to receive a food ration at a food distribution point at a voluntary centre in Mogadishu, Somalia. (AFP Photo / Mohamed Dahir)
Internally displaced children line up to receive a food ration at a food distribution point at a voluntary centre in Mogadishu, Somalia. (AFP Photo / Mohamed Dahir)

Freeze investments

Oxfam has urged the World Bank to freeze its investments in large scale land acquisitions in poor nations.
In the last decade the World Bank has tripled its support for land projects to $6-$8 billion a year, but it does not provide data on how much of this goes to land acquisition or any connection between lending and conflict in a country.
Oxfam wants the World Bank to make sure that information about land deals is publicly accessible, that communities are informed in advance and have the right to agree to or refuse to participate in projects.
Stocking said that the UK, as one of the banks largest shareholders and next year’s president of the G8, should try and get these land deals frozen.
“The UK should also show leadership in reversing flawed biofuels targets, which are a main driver for land and are diverting food into fuel. It can also play a crucial role as president of the G8 next year by putting food and hunger at the heart of the agenda,” Stocking said.
But in a statement released to the Guardian, the international Finance Corporation (IFC), the World Bank’s private lending arm, defended its past transactions.
“IFC does not finance land acquisitions for speculative purposes. We invest in productive agricultural and forestry enterprises that can be land intensive to help provide the food and fiber the world needs.”

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